3 Myths That Will Ruin Your Retirement Security

May 16, 2019

Americans aren’t saving enough for retirement, and many people will have lives that last much longer than their money. While I’m not blaming the following myths for people saving so little, individuals don’t need any more reasons, or dumb financial advice, that encourages them to put off saving for retirement any longer.

Here are three widespread myths that contribute to people ignoring the steps needed to secure their retirements.

1) Once you retire you will spend less.

I hate to break it to you, this one is only true if you are forced into it being true. Would you rather plan ahead and have fun frolicking on the beach, or taking cooking classes in Italy, like the retirees who appear in retirement advertisements? Or would you prefer sitting on your front porch and watching the only entertainment you can afford:  cars driving down the street.

Let’s be real for a minute. If you have nothing to do all day, do you think you will spend more or less? I’ll guess that most people will probably spend MORE. All those trips cost money. Do you stop having friends or a social life? Doubtful. Also, the cost of basic goods you buy will increase over time.

Additionally, many people forget to factor in medical care into their retirement plans, assuming they have a retirement plan at all. Fidelity has estimated the cost of healthcare over a 20-year span for a 65-year-old couple who is retiring NOW to be about $280,000. Remember, this does not include things like nursing homes or long-term care. You may say, “I’m in great health. I could never spend that much.” Surprisingly, healthy people often end up spending more, mostly because they live longer. The last super fun point is that Fidelity estimate of $280,000 is for a couple retiring today. If you will be retiring in a few years, or a few decades, you can expect that number to be higher, perhaps much higher. If you are approaching the age of 65 seem and eager to sign up for Medicare, don’t expect your spending to drop in retirement even if you are the epitome of perfect health.

You may be able to cut back a bit when you first retire, but inflation will probably make those savings hard to maintain. I’m not even talking about the vacations, and travel, you want to take in your golden years. European cruise anyone? Inflation may be an issue for many older seniors as we continue to live longer and longer.

2) You can afford to live off Social Security alone.

I’ve often heard, “I’ve qualified for Social Security, so I’m all set.” I’m guessing that many people haven’t looked closely at their Social Security estimates to see and understand what they will actually be getting from Social Security.  Some people assume Social Security will be enough to live off in retirement, and with that in mind, they don’t need to save anything else.

Sadly, Social Security is really only designed to cover around 40% of a person’s pre-retirement income. With so many Americans already living paycheck-to-paycheck, I think it’s fair to assume most of us would really be struggling if our incomes were cut by 60%. I hate to pour more salt in this wound but there are many estimates that say medical costs will eat up at least half of many peoples’ Social Security checks, leaving them with roughly 20% of their pre-retirement incomes. Say it with me. OUCH!

Here’s an example. If you were taking home $10,000 per month and then suddenly only received $4,000, would you be able to pay your bills? Some may be able to get by for a while, others may not last a month.

3) You won’t owe taxes in retirement.

I’ll give you a half right if you think your tax situation may be different in retirement, or if you are one of the people who are planning on living off just a small Social Security check, you might not end up owing any income taxes. But in reality, most of us are going to owe some amount of tax in retirement.

Do you have an IRA, 401(k) or another retirement account? Many common sources of retirement income happen to be taxable. Pensions, IRA withdrawals and 401(k) withdrawals will all be taxed as ordinary income.

There is enough misinformation floating around the internet to drown a whale. Even with good information and advice, many peoples’ heads spin just thinking about retirement planning. Don’t take the approach of the ostrich, and just stick your head in the proverbial sand. Be proactive. Get your financial house in order and on track for your various financial goals. Maybe even go a step further, and work with a fiduciary financial planner.

Source: David Rae of Forbes.com

Gift Card Scam

May 8, 2019

Has someone asked you to go get a gift card to pay for something? Lots of people have told us they’ve been asked to pay with gift cards – by a caller claiming to be with the IRS, or tech support, or a so-called family member in need. If you’ve gotten a call like this, you know that the caller will then demand the gift card numbers and PIN. And, poof, your money is gone.

Scammers are good at convincing people there really is an emergency, so lots of people have made the trip to the Walmart or Target or CVS to buy gift cards to send these callers. And scammers love gift cards – it’s one of their favorite ways to get your money. These cards are like giving cash – and nearly untraceable, unless you act almost immediately.

So here’s the most important thing for you to know: anyone who demands payment by gift card is always, always, always a scammer. Try this gift card buying exercise out at home – especially when anyone asks you to pay with a gift card:

Q: Should I buy an iTunes, Google Play, Steam, Kroger, Walgreens, BestBuy, Amazon, CVS, Rite Aid or ANY OTHER gift card for someone who demands payment? For any reason?

A: NO.

Gift cards are for gifts, not payments. If you’ve bought a gift card and lost money to someone who might be a scammer, tell the company who issued the card. (The contact info might be on the card, but might require some research) Call or email iTunes or Amazon or whoever it was. Tell them their card was used in a scam. If you act quickly enough, they might be able to get your money back. But – either way – it’s important that they know what happened to you. And then please tell the FTC about your loss. Your report helps us try to shut the scammers down.

Source: Federal Trade Commission

More Than Half Of Americans Don’t Have These Essential Estate Documents, Do You?

February 25, 2019

It’s no surprise some Millennials perceive estate planning as no more than a tax-dodging scheme for the old and rich.  Contrary to its nefarious reputation in the news, an estate plan in its simplest form consists of legal documents that define our wishes for the greatest certainty in all of our lives: death. Still, more than half of Americans don’t have a basic plan, according to a Caring.com survey. Regardless of our age or wealth, spelling out what happens if you pass away ensures your money goes to the people or causes you care about most. Although some Millennials recognize these benefits, we tend to focus more on enriching daily life than making plans for a seemingly far-off future. While this short-term mindset might allow us to live happier lives today, overlooking essential estate planning could cause heartache down the line.

Jonathan Schwartz, an estate attorney and associate at the New Jersey-based law firm of Sherman Wells Sylvester & Stamelman LLP, has worked with Millennials to implement documents like living wills, last wills and testaments, trusts and powers of attorney. I spoke with Mr. Schwartz about how these documents can benefit Millennials regardless of wealth. Like me, Schwartz thinks those who see past estate planning misconceptions and establish a basic plan can create a legacy that benefits the people and causes that matter most.

Living Will & Health Care Proxy

It’s hard enough to talk about money in general, but pushing someone to think about death and dying doesn’t really brighten the day. Mr. Schwartz says he prefaces every client discussion by offering up a blanket “heaven forbid” regarding the hypothetical situations he goes on to discuss. While such scenarios are rare and certainly not fun to contemplate, it’s important for Millennials to recognize the unfortunate reality that bad things can and do happen. While we know we will die at some point in the future, we should consider the chance we become seriously injured or sick before we die.

In such an event, a document called a “living will” specifies what medical treatment doctors can provide (or withhold) if we become unable to communicate our wishes. Possible treatments include things like resuscitation, artificial nutrition and hydration and ventilation. In addition, a health care proxy appoints a specified person to have access to our medical records and make medical decisions as needed (even if you’re going to make a healthy recovery). “Defining these preferences helps families avoid conflict and can lessen the burden of making difficult judgment calls,” says Schwartz. Though often associated with terminal illnesses, health care proxies can prove beneficial in less dire situations by permitting an appointed agent to speak directly with health care providers or even to pick-up test results.

Beyond our medical wishes, we need to consider how, for example, a spouse would manage basic financial matters if we become incapacitated. A newly married couple obviously isn’t going to spend the honeymoon thinking about estate planning. Still, we should at some point start thinking about ensuring our spouse has access to our assets in the event we unexpectedly become disabled. “I find many married couples still have separate pots of money and have, for various reasons, opted to forgo the often-tedious process of retitling at least some bank accounts into their joint names,” says Schwartz.

For assets not held jointly, what’s known as a power of attorney can enable our spouse to act on our behalf when it comes to basic financial decisions. Mr. Schwartz explains to clients that even the simplest things like paying the mortgage and other bills become problematic when most of the assets are in the name of the person who becomes disabled and can’t go to the bank. “By empowering your spouse as your attorney-in-fact under your power of attorney, you’re making things easiest in a time that may otherwise be very difficult,” says Schwartz.

Last Will And Testament

It’s difficult for Millennials to come up with wishes for something that feels so far away. As our feelings, values and family relationships can often shift over time, last wills and testaments are never set in stone. “A will isn’t final until we die,” explains Schwartz. Whether we die tomorrow or many decades from now, a will should reflect our current values and ensure our family is not left scrambling to figure out how to distribute assets. In the document, we can assign someone to dispose of our assets in accordance with these specified wishes.

We should also recognize that creating a will is about more than our money. Rather, it’s about extending our values beyond our life and creating a legacy. To that end, a will can establish a guardian for surviving children rather than leaving the decision to the courts. Mr. Schwartz explains that a guardian should be someone you trust and who shares your values. Other than a legacy to our children, a will can carry out our charitable giving, often enabling us to support our most important causes more than ever before.

Trusts

While the word trust might evoke images of “trust fund” kids in polo shirts and penny loafers, these legal structures can benefit more than just the wealthy. A trust typically created upon death will usually include provisions detailing when and how our kids can access our assets if we pass away. “It doesn’t always make sense for our kids to inherit everything right away, especially if they’re not necessarily mature enough to handle the responsibility that comes with money,” says Schwartz. Setting an age when our children inherit money can help instill our values and protect from poor decisions.

As part of the trust itself, we must select a trustee for the children who can further carry out our values. Trustees should understand certain basic concepts about how to manage money, but perhaps more importantly, have the courage to refuse to hand out money when our kids want to take it all to Vegas. We need to pick someone who could serve in this role for many years and who could appoint a successor if he or she is no longer able to serve.

Millennials who see past misconceptions in the news will recognize that a basic estate plan benefits more than just the old and rich by defining what we want to accomplish now and in the future. “We’ve wrongly been conditioned to think that creating legacy requires wealth,” says Schwartz. “If you work hard and you save, you owe it to yourself to protect the fruits of that labor and whatever else matters most to you.” While there’s nothing wrong with prioritizing short-term planning that benefits daily life, we should recognize that planning ahead isn’t about fixating on death, but about celebrating our youth by ensuring our values can endure.

For additional help, Argent Investments & Retirement is available »

Author: Zack Conway of Forbes.com

How to Eat Healthy on a Budget

January 7, 2019

Many people have become more health conscious in recent years. By exercising and eating a healthy diet, we know we’ll live happier and longer lives. Unfortunately, processed foods tend to be cheaper than lean meats and fresh fruits and vegetables. That’s due in part by government subsidies to farmers growing corn, soybean, and wheat, the main ingredients in processed foods, which keep those prices down.

When you’re on a tight budget and always in a rush, it’s sometimes easier to hit a fast food restaurant or just microwave a frozen dinner– meals full of sodium, sugar, and saturated fat. So how can you eat more healthfully? Here are a few tips:

1. Slow down. Eating healthy requires a little time and attention. Many people rush through their days, wolfing down their meals mindlessly, so they can hurry to the next appointment. Give yourself a little time to shop mindfully, prepare your food, and fully savor your meal.

2. Buy produce in season and freeze it.  
Fruits and vegetables cost more when they have to be shipped from far-away sunny lands that can still grow produce in November. Buy these items locally, in season, and freeze them for use in the winter.

3. Start your own vegetable garden. You can easily grow lettuce and tomatoes in small planters on a balcony or, if you have a yard, stake out a few feet to grow even more. You’ll even get a little exercise while you do it.

4. Buy in bulk.  Many grocery stores offer dry goods in bulk, saving you the usual packaging costs. You can also save on meat by buying in larger quantities and rewrapping in smaller, meal-sized portions. Freeze those portions to use for weeks to come.

5. Check your dining-out habit.  
If you eat at restaurants often, the habit is taking a big bite out of your wallet. On average, a restaurant meal costs almost 5 times more than a home-made meal. Save dining out for special occasions.

With the money you save, consider opening a Certificate of Deposit.

Income Tax Filing Tips for January

Although income tax returns are not due until April 15, it’s always good idea to plan ahead and file early, especially if you expect to get a tax refund. Here are six steps to take now:

1. Get ready for the arrival of records. If you don’t already have a Tax file, select a single location (even if it’s just a large envelope) to collect your W-2s, statements, and other tax-related documents as they arrive. If you receive records electronically, create a “2018 taxes” folder or subdirectory.

2. Contribute to an individual retirement account (IRA). Most Americans can contribute $5,500 to a Roth or traditional IRA for 2018 ($6,500 for those age 50 and older) until the tax filing date.

3. Decide how you want to do your taxes. Do you like to do it yourself or do you want to hire a pro? Do you prefer pen and paper or a computer? Now’s the time to decide.

4. Find your forms. If you file by paper, you can get forms from a public library or at IRS.gov. If you file electronically, get your software.

5. Consider electronic filing. Taxes filed electronically are processed faster than paper ones, and refunds are issued within 3 weeks. Alternatively, if you file your tax return on paper, it will take 6 to 8 weeks to receive your refund. This filing season, taxpayers with an adjusted gross income of $66,000 or less in 2018 can file Federal taxes for free via the IRS program.

6. Use direct deposit. Regardless of whether you file electronically or on paper, consider having your refund check directly deposited into your credit union account. You will need our routing number, which is: 251082233. It’s another way to get your return faster.

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act was enacted in December 2017 which made changes to tax rates and Federal income tax withholding. To learn about these changes and how it will affect filing, go to the IRS website.